A look at the president's pardon power and how it works
Additional resources to think about
In Trump's final hours, a flurry of pardons and commutations
On the twilight of his presidency, Donald Trump issued 144 pardons and commutations. The PBS NewsHour team explores how these compare to past presidents.
Presidential Proclamation 4311 of September 8, 1974 by President Gerald R. Ford granting a pardon to Richard M. Nixon
Read the text of President Ford's pardon of former president Richard Nixon from the National Archives.
Presidential Pardons Heavily Favor Whites
ProPublica examines data from a study from the early 2000s that exposed racial disparities in who receives pardons.
Trump used his clemency power sparingly despite a raft of late pardons and commutations
Pew Research compares President Trump's use of the pardon and compares it to that of previous presidents.
Frequently Asked Questions | Office of the Pardon Attorney
See FAQ's from the U.S. Department of Justice's website about pardons, clemency, and how the Office of the Pardon Attorney plays a role.
#FreeHer Campaign Wants Clemency For 100 Women In Biden's First 100 Days
A group advocating for women and girls who are currently or were formerly incarcerated looks to President Biden for help and reform of the criminal justice system.
Who created this message?
- What kind of “text” is it?
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- What are the various elements (building blocks) that make up the whole?
What creative techniques are used to attract my attention?
- What do you notice (about the way the message is constructed)?
- What’s the emotional appeal?
- What makes it seem “real?”
- What's the emotional appeal? Persuasive devices used?
How might different people understand this message differently from me?
- How many other interpretations could there be?
- How could we hear about them?
- How can you explain the different responses?
What lifestyles, values, and points of view are represented in, or omitted from, this message?
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- How would you find what’s missing?
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Why is this message being sent?
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– the public?
– private interests?
Is the presidential pardon too powerful?
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